Literary Analysis of "Fahrenheit 451"
Fahrenheit 451 is a dystopian novel created by an American writer, Ray Bradbury, in 1953. The action takes place in the United States in the near future. The novel is written in the third person.
The protagonist, Guy Montag, works as a fireman. He lives in a society where people are under oppression of the totalitarian authority. The citizens are prohibited to have their own opinion and position regarding different aspects of life. According to Montag’s work duties, in case of emergency, he must appear in people’s houses and burn those buildings which contain books.
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Once the man becomes curious about the information and sense of the books, and he decides to take and read one of them secretly. Sooner, Montag begins to understand the present issues and further possible tragedies of his country. His wife, Mildred, reveals her husband’s secret. When Montag’s chief, Beatty, gets to know about Guy’s conscious crime, Montag is forced to burn his own house. Then he escapes and joins the hidden group of people who still love and appreciate books. In the end, the wars begin, and after total devastation, Montag with his upholders are going to renew the civilization.
Other characters of the novel are Clarisse, Guy’s acquaintance; a former English professor Faber, who tells Montag about the group of wandering exiles with their leader, Granger; Mrs. Bowles and Mrs. Phelps, Mildred’s friends.
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The main novel’s themes and motifs are censorship, control of individuals, knowledge and ignorance, religion. The following symbols appear in the text fire, blood, phoenix, and mirrors. The imagery of nature, animals, and insects can be observed throughout the whole story. The author uses a lot of figurative language in the novel, including the following stylistic devices: metaphor, simile, personification. In general, the prose in the story has signs of literary fiction.