The form of transportation chosen for this paper is electric cars that are propelled by electric motors. The cars use energy storage devices and batteries that can be replaced when worn out of defective. The cars provide high power to weight ratios and use fixed-ratio gearboxes. The electric cars transportation system will have a positive impact on the residents of the UAE as they will live in a place with less air pollution which will lead to a healthier population.
Electric Car In Dubai
An electric car is a transportation system generally used in the city because most cities have established infrastructures to cater for the necessities of such cars. For instance, most cities have charging stations because these cars rely on batteries that need to be charged periodically (Boxwell, 2010). In addition, there ought to be a power system to accommodate battery charger loads. Moreover, if a distribution system comprises of many different chargers, the transformers might be overloaded. This explains why it is necessary to charge the automobiles in designated charging stations as opposed to using the domestic power system. In Dubai, for instance, less than 20 charging stations are available. Residents in the areas such as Sharjah or Abu Dhabi will experience difficulties accessing the charging stations (Larminie & Lowry, 2013).
The advantage of an electric car is that it reduces the country’s reliance on petroleum and increases energy security. Moreover, these cars use less fuel than similar conventional vehicles as they deploy electric drive technologies, which increases efficiency of this type of vehicles. The other advantage is that the electric automobiles do not produce pollution that stems from internal combustion of engines. This leads to the reduction of carbon emissions (Droege, 2009). Electric cars also use electric motors that give the car an instant torque for a strong and smooth acceleration. This also ensures more efficiency as compared to automobiles with an internal combustion engine. The batteries in electric vehicles have been designed for extended life even though they eventually wear out. Most of these batteries can also be recycled and this rules out the problem of disposal of such batteries (Mom, 2013). The major disadvantage for electric cars is the time required to recharge their batteries (Boxwell, 2010). A drained battery implies that the automobile will be temporarily out of service for a few hours before it is fully recharged. This is unlike an automobile with an internal combustion engine that needs few minutes for refueling (Larminie & Lowry, 2013). The other disadvantage is that its collection of batteries is heavy as it has to do more than a conventional car. The batteries need to be linked together in arrays or battery packs to provide additional power. Electric cars are also limited by range and speed because they may not be used for long journeys. Moreover, the electric charging stations are still in their development stages, and the car can be stuck where such a station is not in range (Pistoia, 2010).
Electric Car in the UAE
Electric cars in the UAE can be improved by introducing a faster charging mechanism. DC fast charging stations should be implemented as they have high-speed charging capabilities. This will be convenient as the consumers will recharge their electric car in about thirty minutes. The charging stations should be placed along highways within intervals that range between 40 to 60 kilometers (Wu, 2013). The other improvement can be achieved by enabling battery swapping where a depleted battery can be interchanged with a fully charged one (Pistoia, 2010). This will be convenient even for long distance travels as the consumer might not rely on a charging station. In fact, they will only require a charged battery and swap it when the one in use is depleted. Electric cars manufacturers should consider other energy storage methods such as super capacitors and flywheel energy storage because lithium batteries are heavy (Jha, 2012). Engineers should also consider manufacturing hybrid cars that are not fully electrical to allow the consumer to change between the two options for convenience purposes (Pistoia, 2010). The problem with electric cars in the UAE is that they produce less roadway noise and might easily cause accidents as people might not acknowledge their presence (Pistoia, 2010). The problem can be overcome by installing warning noises that use a speaker system. Engineers should also consider artificial sounds to warn pedestrians. The other country that uses electric cars is Japan as it has a higher number of registered highway-capable plug-in electric vehicles. In Japan, the government encourages more people to buy such cars by exempting importation fees as well as congestion charges (Wimmer, Blum, & Schneider, 2011).
Life can be changed through an improvement in transportation because fuel savings can be diverted to other useful household activities. Moreover, the improvement will bring about a healthier population due to the reduction in carbon emissions (Jha, 2012). Electric cars are also flexible and they are a lower-cost solution. One is likely to use a mix of transportation in future because electric cars are not a reliable means of transport. In fact, these cars are not designed to run at higher speeds as most of them do not exceed seventy miles per hour. Therefore, such cars are convenient within the cities where the charging systems can also be easily accessed. Additionally, the vast majority of electric cars are saloon cars as opposed to SUVs. Therefore, electric cars might not be efficient when riding through rough terrain or rocky environments (Mom, 2013). This implies that a mix of transportation will be necessary depending on the nature of the trip. The paper embarks on a comprehensive analysis of electric cars because they are a new concept in the realm of automotive industry. Among other advantages, the electric cars have been effective in saving money and contributing towards a stable and healthy environment. For instance, the Tesla model has been proved to be the safest car ever made. The electric cars have increased prevalence in the 19th and 20th centuries with the advent of electricity (Wu, 2013). The main goal of these cars is to overcome the difference between production and development costs with respect to internal combustion engine vehicles (Pistoia, 2010). Similarly, people are torn between electric cars and hybrid cars so giving all the facts pertinent to electric cars will be helpful in choosing whether to embrace electric or hybrid cars.
Electric cars are an efficient choice of transportation as they do not contribute to environmental pollution. The transportation system can change someone’s life by enabling them to save fuel money. The environment will also be free from carbon emission pollutants, thus leading to a healthier population. When driving around the city, an electric car can be convenient because noise pollution will be minimized. The car will also have a closer proximity to charging stations as well as engineers who can handle technical hitches.